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Sun, 19 Nov 2017

Northeast Today

Dealing with Depression

Dealing with Depression
July 01
13:05 2017

NET Bureau

With increasing levels of stress resulting from the modern lifestyle, rates of depression among people are also rising. Witnessing the rising number of depression patients all over the world, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has dedicated this year to Depression, regarding it as a global health issue.

As per information, presently around 322 million people in the world are suffering from depression out of which 80 million people are Indians. Doctors have also assessed that by 2030, depression will be a major cause of large number of deaths in the world.

Cause

Depression is mainly causeddue to following:

Abuse: Present or past physical, sexual, or emotional abuse can increase the vulnerability to depression later in life.

Conflict: Depression may develop due to personal conflicts or disputes with family members or friends.

Death or a loss: Sadness or grief from sudden death of loved ones.

Medications: Some drugs, such as isotretinoin (used to treat acne), the antiviral drug interferon- alpha and corticosteroids can increase the risk of depression.

Genetics: A family history of depression may increase the risk.

Serious Illnesses: Depression may co-exists with a major illness or could be triggered by another medical condition.

Substance abuse: Nearly 30 per cent of people with substance abuse problems also have major or clinical depression.

Symptoms

Alternating emotions of sadness and happiness, mood swings, angry outbursts.

Trouble concentrating, making decisions, remembering

Withdrawing from people, substance abuse, missing work, school or other commitments, suicide attempts.

Tiredness or lack of energy, aches and pains, changes in appetite, sudden weight loss or gain, changes in sleep – sleeping too little or too much.

Depression is considered as a deadly disease because it affects the body along with the mind. It is very difficult to detect depression in children and the old complain of it as a symptom of aging. It can also lead to improper functioning of the internal parts. Even though overcoming depression is not quick or easy, it is not impossible.

One can cope up with depression by following few tactics:

Avoid isolation— Depression evokes behaviour which tend people to cut them off from the outside world. Thus to overcome depression it is essential to spend more time in building relationships with family, loved ones and friends.

Do things what you enjoy (or used to) —Picking up a former hobby or expressing creatively is one of the best way to deal with depression.

Get enough sleep—Depression typically involves sleep problems. Get on a better sleep schedule by learning healthy sleep habits. Aim for at least eight hours of sleep.

Exposure to sunlight— Lack of sunlight can make depression worse. Take a short walk outdoors, enjoy meal or coffee or sit out in the garden. Minimum 15 minutes of sunlight a day to boost the mood.

Challenge negative thinking By challenging negative thinking one can change their mind and become positive. Generating positive energy is must for tackling depression.

Sumi Buragohain, Psychologist

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