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Northeast Today

Nagaland households among top iodised salt consumers

Nagaland households among top iodised salt consumers
September 11
16:23 2019

NET Bureau

Nagaland and Jammu & Kashmir are two states in India with the highest adequate consumption of iodised salt by households, informed a survey released on September 9.
The consumption of iodised salt was Nagaland was 99.7%, while it was marginally higher by 0.1% at 99.8% in Jammu & Kashmir.

The country-wide study ‘India Iodine Survey 2018-19′ was conducted by Nutrition International, a global nutrition organisation in collaboration with the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.
Apart from Nagaland, most states in North East have high adequate consumption according to an Infographic shared Nutrition International on Monday.

Manipur, Meghalaya and Mizoram follow Nagaland closely at 99.5%, 99.4% and 99.2% respectively while it was 95.0% in Arunachal Pradesh and 98.1% in Sikkim. Only Assam (85.2%) and Tripura (74.0%) had consumptions below 90%.
Overall, the survey revealed that 76.3 per cent of Indian households consume adequately iodised salt which means “salt with more than or equal to 15 parts per million (ppm) of iodine.”
Other states with higher than 90% were Kerala, Goa, and Chhattisgarh.

The survey conducted in 21,406 households’ shows that 13 states and Union Territories have achieved Universal salt iodization (USI) with more than 90% coverage of iodised salt, informed a Twitter update by Nutrition International.
Tamil Nadu and Andra Pradesh were in the bottom 2 with 61.9% and 63.9% respectively.
According to WHO guidelines, a daily iodine intake of nutrient intake of 150 μg iodine/day is required to prevent iodine deficiency disorders which can be achieved if household salt contains a minimum of 15 ppm of iodine.

Other results 
The survey also tested the iodine content in samples of cooking salt from households to estimate the coverage of the use of adequately iodised salt.

A total of 55% of those surveyed had heard about iodised salt and 61.4% mentioned prevention of goitre as the primary benefit of consuming iodised salt, while awareness about iodised salt was 62.2% in urban areas and 50.5% in rural area, it said.
The study also found that around 56% of the consumers identified iodised salt at the time of purchase from the word ‘iodised’ printed on the packet, it added.
Among those who had heard of iodised salt, around 74% mentioned radio and television as their main source of information.

The survey revealed that around 82%of the households used refined salt, whereas 12.7% used crystal salt and 5.3% used crushed salt.
The report further quoted NI Regional Director, Asia Andrew O Connell as saying that the survey “will guide policy decision and interventions needed to sustain the progress and step up efforts to reach Universal Salt Iodisation.”

Source: The Morung Express


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